Hub and switch are networking devices, and both are used to connect different devices together, both of which work the same, but still have a lot of difference between hub and switch, so guys, in today’s post, I will tell you the difference between hub and switch.
A network hub serves as a connection point for all devices in a LAN. It is basically a multi-port repeater because repeats an electrical signals. The hub repeats all received information and attaches it to all PC terminals.
- The hub operates in a physical layer (layer 1) of the OSI model.
- They can be connected through a central hub to connect the network of personal computers together.
- The transmission of the hub has flow in the form of data bits or electrical signals.
- The hub only has 4/12 ports, much less ports than the switch in the hub.
- A hub is a type of passive device.
- A network gateway is unable to identify or save MAC addresses
- The transmission mode of the hub is half duplex.
- The hub is a much slower device than a switch.
- The hub sends any data to all devices connected in the network simultaneously. That is, the hub broadcasts the data to anyone.
- The hub uses only broadcast type of transmission.
- It is an electronic device that is connected to other network devices allowing them to exchange information.
- Hub speed is only 10 Mbps.
- The hub does not provide data packet filtering, as the data comes from anywhere the hub forwards the packet without being filtered.
- The hub has a single collision domain.
- The hub’s transmission uses the MAC address.
- There is no need of internet connection in the hub.
- The hub is not an intelligent device.
A network switch is a computer networking device that connects a network segment or network device.
A switch is a multi-port network bridge because the switch has multiple ports hence it is called multi-port. And the switch acts exactly like a network bridge, so the switch is also called a multi-port bridge.
- The switch works in the data link layer (layer 2) of the OSI model.
- The switch allows multiple system connections, manage ports, manage port security, VLAN security configuration and VTP, and more etc.
- The transmission of the Switch has flow in the form of a data packet (L3 switch) or as a frame (L2 switch).
- The switch has 24/48 multiple ports.
- A switch is a type of active device.
- The switches use CAM tables that are typically accessed by ASICs, it’s accessible for content memory.
- The transmission mode of the switch is half duplex and full duplex.
- A network switch is a computer network device that is used to connect multiple devices on a network simultaneously.
- The switch uses uni-cast, multicast as well as broadcast type of transmission.
- The switch is considered more progressive than the hub because the switch sends a message to any device that needs or requests it.
- Switch speeds range from 10 Mbps to 1 Gbps.
- The switch also provides packet filtering before sending data packets.
- The transmission of the switch uses the MAC address.
- In a switch, each port has its own collision domain.
- Switch Maintain the MAC address table or update the mac address table, The source MAC address also crosschecks the MAC address.
- There is no necessary requirement for an internet connection.
- The switch is an intelligent device.